Diseases of colon cancer, symptoms and Causes


Diseases of colon cancer, symptoms and Causes. As the last tract digestion of food, the intestines are potentially exposed to cancer of the food we consume. There are five stages to the nature and magnitude of the chances of survival for the patient is getting smaller.

Diseases of colon cancer, symptoms and Causes
Diseases of colon cancer, symptoms and Causes - Diseases IlyasWeb

Symptoms


  1. Tired, shortness of breath, and time working the head feels dizzy.
  2. Bleeding in the rectum, a sense of satiety is temporary, or stomach cramps and pressure in the rectum.
  3. The presence of blood in the stool, as occurs in people with intestinal polyps, stomach bleeding, or hemorrhoids.
  4. Pale, pain in General, malnutrition, a weak, thin, occur fluid in the abdominal cavity, liver enlargement, as well as widening the channels of the spleen.
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The cause of the


  1. Contact with certain chemical substances such as heavy metals, toxins, and ototoksin as well as electromagnetic waves.
  2. Poor eating patterns, among others, too much meat and fat are not counterbalanced fresh fruits and vegetables contain lots of fiber.
  3. Iron overload include pigment found in bile, beef and mutton as well as tranfusi blood.
  4. Saturated fat and omega-6 fatty acids (linol acid).
  5. Alcoholic beverages, especially beer. Bowel change alcohol into asetilaldehida which increases the risk of suffering from colon cancer.
  6. Obesity.
  7. Working while sitting a day, such as executives, administrative officer, or the driver of a public vehicle.
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A medical examination


  1. Fiberoptik colonoscopy
  2. Enter a type of pipe made of optical fiber into the intestine through the anus (rectal). Camera found on the tools that can be used to check whether there are polyps in the intestines or not.
  3. Ct Scan
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Examination of blood

Define tumor marker CEA (carcino-embryonis antigen) in the blood.
Care

  1. Chemotherapy
  2. Radiation
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Operation

Cutting a sick colon, and reconnect the two ends of the colon in healthy portions.

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Laparoscopic techniques

Through a few small holes are made in different points in the stomach. The operation is performed with small tools operated through the holes it and monitored through the screen of the monitor.

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Prevention


  1. Consumption of fibrous much food. To facilitate defecation and decrease the degree of acidity, concentrations of fatty acids, bile acids, and iron in the colon.
  2. Omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in certain fish.
  3. Concentrations of calcium, vitamins A, C, D, and E and betakarotin.
  4. Milk containing Lactobacillus acidophilus.
  5. Working out and numerous moving so the more easily and regularly to defecate.
  6. Live relax and reduce stress.
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Early Detection

As with the early detection of cervical cancer using a papsmear or to wear breast cancer mammography, the colon against cancer can do early detection.

Early detection of colon cancer is recommended to those who have stepped on the age of 50 years. But for those who have a family history of ovarian cancer ever, colon and lung cancer, suggested doing early detection before the age of 50 years.

Colon cancer is considered to be a disease that his journey is slow. The community therefore advocated doing early detection through examination of blood that is present in the stool and colonoscopy.

"We suggest that early detection is performed from the age of 40 years for which does have a history of these three types of the cancer in her family," said Dr. Aru W Sudoyo, consultant Hematology and medical oncology from Cipto Mangunkusumo MEDICINE/RSUPN to the Media Indonesia, last week in his work.

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Especially for those who have experienced symptoms, such as bleeding at the time of defecation and intestinal obstruction or road tertutupnya, "continued Aru, early detection is highly recommended.

According to the Aru, some procedures early detection of colon cancer include:

Plug anal examination by a doctor when the person reaches the age of 50 years. The examination and to know of any abnormalities in the prostate.

After that, do an examination of laboratory examination blood faint (occult blood) at regular intervals, whether there is blood in the stool or not. Later examination visually with endoscopy in colonic or called colonoscopy. Bowel colonoscopy examination or binoculars is recommended immediately is done for those who have reached the age of 50 years.

Examination of the Colonoscopy is relatively safe, harmless, but this inspection is not fun. Colonoscopy is done to find colorectal cancer at once get the network to be examined in the laboratory of pathology. On examination it is necessary tool endoscopy fiberoptik used for colonoscopy examination. The tool can be viewed along the colon, memotretnya, as well as a biopsy of the tumor when found.

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Other ways to support a diagnosis of colon cancer is by barium enema. Barium enema, on examination of materials of liquid barium is inserted into the colon through the rectum and silhouette (shadow) his landscapes with x-rays. On this examination can only be seen that there is an abnormality, probably a tumor, and when there is need to be followed up with a colonoscopy examination.

This examination can also detect cancer and polyps that magnitude exceeding one centimeter. The disadvantage, in this inspection cannot be done a biopsy.

With a colonoscopy can be seen abnormalities based on macroscopic description. When there is no showing off or ulcer, observations of a colonoscopy on abnormalities of color, shape, and surface vessels picture blood. Aru says with the early detection of colon cancer is expected to be immediately addressed or diterapi. Some therapies, such as chemotherapy and radiation can do to overcome colon cancer.