Recognizing Dengue Fever Symptoms In Children and Toddlers


Recognizing Dengue Fever Symptoms In Children and Toddlers. Dengue fever or dengue fever is a disease that makes the sufferer experience a tremendous pain, as if pain to the bone. Many do not know the characteristics of dengue fever because the symptoms are similar to a common fever.

Recognizing Dengue Fever Symptoms In Children and Toddlers
Recognizing Dengue Fever Symptoms In Children and Toddlers - Disease

DHF is caused by a virus that is transmitted through mosquito bites. It is estimated that there are one hundred million cases of dengue that occur annually around the world. Some of them plague suddenly and infect thousands of people in no time.

Currently Indonesia is ranked second dengue sufferer after Brazil. According to Ministry of Health data from 2009-2011, the number of deaths from dengue fever in Indonesia reached 1,125 cases. The data at once put Indonesia as the highest country in the case of dengue fever in Southeast Asia.

According to data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health in 2013, the number of DHF patients in all 31 provinces reached 48,905 people, including 376 of whom died. So, in essence DBD is a very common disease in Indonesia.

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Characteristics of Dengue Fever

Children's bodies and toddlers are more vulnerable than adults, so it takes dengue treatment early on. Sometimes symptoms of dengue fever in children and toddlers do not always appear. The symptoms may appear on the 4th day to the next day.

Here are the characteristics of dengue fever in children and toddlers:

1. High fever
Characteristics of the first dengue fever, the child has a fever of 40 degrees Celsius accompanied by cold heat. Fever may go down as if healed, but suddenly recur again. This will continue for almost a week.

Sometimes parents who do not know the symptoms of dengue fever think it is just a regular fever or even catch a cold. Better to immediately check your child or toddler to the doctor before it's too late.

2. Suddenly very limp and lethargic
In addition to high fever, the symptoms of dengue fever in the next child is pain and pain in the back of the eye. The face of a child or toddler will look very pale with headaches.

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3. Red spots and rash appear
Symptoms of DHF in children that can be seen by naked eye is the appearance of red spots and rash on the whole body. This is caused by dengue virus that attacks the blood clotting system in the body.

In the most severe phase, the nose can experience a nosebleed and then blood loss is black as coffee color. In addition, the child's skin is also easy to experience bruises.

4. Nausea and decreased appetite
The characteristics of subsequent dengue fever is the baby who was coughing colds and itch also felt on the soles of the feet. It is also accompanied by decreased appetite caused by nausea.

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Dengue fever can cause death

Symptoms of dengue fever in children are usually mild to moderate, while for adults these symptoms can occur from the stage of moderate to severe. DHF symptoms usually occur about a week.

If a child or a toddler has been exposed to dengue fever, there is the possibility of their body becomes more resistant to certain viruses.

In certain cases, dengue fever can lead to death called Dengue Shock Syndrome or DSS.

Symptoms of DHF in children with DSS is experiencing high fever. After the fever subsided, other symptoms began to appear more severe such as:


  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Stomach ache, and
  • The digestive system is problematic

If late handled then the child can experience blood pressure that drops dramatically and quickly, dehydration, and heavy bleeding.

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How to Diagnose DHF

If your child has the characteristics of dengue that have been described in the previous points, then immediately bring to the hospital!

This is the first step to diagnosing what illness your child is suffering from. In essence, if the child or toddler suddenly attacked by high fever, never underestimated.

In addition to the initial diagnosis by the doctor, your child will be asked to do a blood check in the laboratory to find out the illness. If it proves that your child or child is suffering from dengue fever, then the doctor will immediately ask for hospitalization at the hospital.

Usually, dengue fever in children will recover approximately one week. There are 3 phases of dengue phenomenon stage, that is:


  1. Febrile
  2. Critical, and
  3. Recovery


The healing of dengue fever in children is almost the same as the healing done for adults. The child will be infused and also asked to drink plenty of water to reduce dehydration while resting.

It should be noted that do not give medication headache that contains aspirin because it can make bleeding worse. Instead, choose paracetamol.

If your child or toddler has severe dengue fever such as Dengue Shock Sydrome (DSS), then the child may be asked to immediately perform a blood transfusion.

In certain cases, mild dengue can heal by itself without the need for treatment from the hospital. Unfortunately, this case is very rare.

Treatment of mild dengue fever can be done by taking traditional medicine made from natural ingredients, such as beverage mixture of guava leaf, honey, bitter, and temulawak.

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How To Easily Prevent Dengue

Of course, how to prevent dengue fever in children is most appropriate starting from the environment around the house. It is better to prevent aedes aegypti mosquitoes from breeding so that children are not exposed to the mosquito bites.

Here's how to prevent easy DBD:


  1. Clean and close the water reservoir. The water shelter is like a bath and a bucket of water. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes prefer to breed in damp and wet areas, such as bathrooms. Therefore, clean the tub or bucket of water at least once a week. This will effectively prevent the breeding of these mosquitoes.
  2. Do not stack garbage around the house. Never stack garbage around the house because it can be a mosquito breeding ground. Immediately dispose of the garbage to prevent the breeding of dengue mosquitoes.
  3. Put on a long-sleeved shirt. You need to remember that daylight is when aedes aegypti mosquitoes usually start acting. How to avoid it is by putting long sleeves. When children take a nap, put a mosquito net on the bed.
  4. Apply anti-mosquito lotion. Related to this, there are two things to note, namely the child's special lotion and have protection from dengue mosquitoes. If you have enough land, you can grow mosquito repellent plants, such as marigold or tai kotok flowers.


What is the characteristic of aedes aegypti mosquitoes?

Usually the mosquito body dengue fever, especially on the legs. When the mosquito bites people then the body does not menungging like a normal mosquito. This mosquito likes to act in the morning, afternoon, and even afternoon at certain hours.

Once you know the information that discusses the characteristics of dengue fever and the danger, hopefully you can apply prevention, yes!